Safety Terms

Glossary of Safety Terms


1. An unplanned, undesired and uncontrolled event which results in injury to people, damage to plant, property, machinery or the environment and/or some other loss.

2. An undesired circumstance(s) which gives rise to ill health, injury, damage, production losses or increased liabilities.


“Ergonomics” is a science that is concerned with the ‘proper fit’ between the worker and their work or workplace. Ergonomics puts people first, taking into consideration the worker’s capabilities and limitations. It is aimed to ensure that tasks, equipment and the work environment suit each individual worker.


Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction products.


1. A hazard is anything that has the potential to cause damage, harm or adverse health effects on something or someone under certain conditions.

2. A hazard is something that can cause harm if not controlled.

3. Anything that has potential to cause harm, ill-health, injury, damage to property or damage to the environment.

4. A source of danger that if not adequately controlled or if suitable precautions are not taken could create an unsafe condition.


Physical damage or harm received by a person as a result of a traumatic contact between any part of the body of that person and an outside agency or from the exposure to environmental factors.


Any event, which under slightly different circumstances, may have resulted in injury or ill health of people, or damage or loss to property, plant, materials or the environment or a loss of business opportunity.


1. Risk is the probability that a person will be harmed or experience an adverse health effect if exposed to a hazard. Risk also applies to situations with property damage or equipment loss.
2. Risk is the combination of the probability that a particular outcome will occur and the severity of the harm involved.


Safety refers to the freedom from harm, equipment damage or loss of properly.